Skip to main content

  Definition of Terms 

 

SPOTLIGHT

    § Activate:  To start or place into action an activity or system.

§  Alert:  Gaining public’s attention by sirens or other means.

§  ControlTo exercise authority with the ability to influence actions, compel, or hold in restraint. 

§  Coordination:  Arranging in order, activities of equal importance to harmonize in a common effort.  (For use in context with this document: authorizing and/or providing for coordination of activities relating to emergency disaster prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery by Sate, local governments, and Federal agencies.)

§  Deploy: To move to the assigned location in order to start operations.

§  Direction:  Providing authoritative guidance, supervision, and management of activities/operations along a prescribed course to reach an attainable goal.  

§  Disaster:  Any event or occurrence which has taken place and has seriously impaired or halted the operations of the University.  In some cases, mass personnel casualties and severe property damage may be sustained.  A coordinated effort of all campus-wide resources is required to effectively control the situation.  Outside emergency services will be essential.  In all cases of disaster, the University Police must be notified.  An emergency operations center will be activated, and the appropriate support and operational plans will be executed.  

§  Disaster Emergency:  Those conditions which upon investigation may be found, actually, or likely to:

§  Affect Safety:  Affect seriously the safety, health, or welfare of a substantial number of the SRU community or preclude the operation or use of essential facilities.

§  Require County or State Assistance:  Be of such magnitude or severity as to render essential state supplementation of county and municipal efforts or resources exerted or utilized in alleviating the danger, damage, suffering, or hardship faced.

§  Emergency Management:  The judicious planning, assignment, and coordination of all available resources in an integrated program of prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery for emergencies of all kinds, whether from enemy attack, man-mad or natural sources.  

§  Emergency Services:  The preparation for the carrying out of functions to prevent, minimize, and provide emergency repair of injury and damage resulting from disaster, together with all other activities necessary or incidental to the preparation for and carrying out of those functions.  The functions include, without limitation, fire fighting services, police services, medical and health services, rescue, engineering, disaster warning services, communications, radiological, shelter, evacuation of persons from stricken areas, emergency welfare services, emergency transportation, emergency resources management, temporary restoration of utility services and other related functions.

§  Full Emergency Condition:  A situation in which a total mobilization of all resources of the emergency management agency is required on a 24-hour basis to cope with the major emergency or disaster.

§  Hazardous Substance:  A substance identified as hazardous and meeting certain other non-SARA federal reporting requirements.

§  Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT):  Any substance or material in a quantity or form which may be harmful or injurious to humans, domestic animals, wildlife, economic crops, or property when released into the environment.  Hazardous materials are classified as chemical, biological, radiological, or explosive.

§  Major Emergency:  Any incident, potential or actual, which affects an entire building or builders, and which will disrupt the overall operations of the University.  Outside emergency services will probably be required, as well as major efforts from campus support services.  Major policy considerations and decisions will usually be required from the University administration during times of crises.  Report immediately to the University Police. 

§  Mass Care Centers:  Fixed facilities suitable for providing emergency lodging for victims of disaster left temporarily homeless and capable of providing all essential social services.  Feeding may be done within a mass care center (in suitable dining facilities) or nearby. 

§  Minor Emergency: An incident, potential or actual, which will not serious impact the overall functional capacity of the University.  Report immediately to University Police.  

§  Mobilize:  To augment staff and resources in order to accomplish the mission at an indicated location on a 24-hour/day basis.

§  Notification:  To make known or inform.  For use in context with this document: to transmit emergency information and instructions to the University public immediately. 

§  Notify:  To inform about a condition, event, or situation.

§  Operational:  Capable of accepting mission assignments at an indicated location with partial staff and resources.   

§  Protective Action:  Any action taken to eliminate or avoid a hazard or eliminate, avoid or reduce its risks.

§  Public Information Statements:  Public announcements made by official spokespersons via newspapers, radio, television to explain actions being taken in the event of any emergency.  The purpose of the announcements is to provide accurate information, prevent panic and counteract misinformation and rumors. 

§  Reentry:  The return to the normal community dwelling and operating sites by families, individuals, governments, and businesses once the evacuated area has been declared safe for occupancy. 

§  Route Alerting: Route alerting is a supplement to siren systems accomplished by predesigned teams traveling in vehicles along preassigned routes delivering an alert/warning message. 

§  Standby:  To be ready to perform but waiting at home or other location for further instructions. 

§  Succession:  The process established to list the order, line, or interim personnel entitled to succeed one another under emergency conditions. 

§  Support: To act in a secondary or subordinate role to a primary activity by providing a means of maintenance or subsistence to keep the activity from failing under stress.  (For use in context to this document: providing “unmet” needs, unforeseen requirements for supplies, equipment, services, training, etc.)

§  Traffic Control Point:  Manned posts established at critical road junctions for the purpose of controlling or limiting traffic.  TCPs are used to control evacuation movement when an emergency situation requires it. 

§  Unmet Needs: Capabilities and/or resources required to support emergency operations but neither available nor provided for by the University.

§  Vital Records:  Those documents, electronic databases, and files that are deemed essential to continued government functioning in a disaster situation.  These records include, but are not limited to, the following: official proceedings, vital statistics, land and tax records, license registers, payroll records, utility system maps, locations of emergency supplies and equipment, emergency operations plans and procedures, lists of succession, and other pertinent legal and financial records. 

§  Warning:  Notifying the public with a specific message regarding a threat and actions to be taken.

§  Weather Warning:  Previously expected severe weather is occurring or is about to occur.

§  Weather Watch:  Indicates that conditions and ingredients exist to trigger severe weather.