The Opioid and Pharmaceutical Epidemic

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, there were more than 2,200 opioid-related deaths in Pennsylvania in 2016. A contributing factor to this situation is believed to be over-prescribing of opioid relievers. While efforts to address the crisis have focused mainly on reducing no-medical OPR use, the need for preventing and treating opioid addiction is often overlooked. Explore the scope of this public health crisis; its historical context; contributing factors and lines of evidence indicating the role of addiction in exacerbating morbidity/morality; and a framework for interventions to address the epidemic of opioid addiction.